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In den letzten Jahren wurde eine Vielzahl an digitalen Werkzeugen entwickelt und auch bereits erfolgreich in die Praxis eingeführt.
Ausgewählte Beispiele aus dem Bereich des Pflanzenbaus sowie der Tierhaltung werden hier vorgestellt.
In Deutschland wurden 14 sogenannte Experimentierfelder eingerichtet, worin verschiedene Lösungen der digitalen Landwirtschaft getestet und weiterentwickelt werden. Eines dieser Experimentierfelder wird vorgestellt.

Experimentierfeld: DigiMilch - Vernetzung vom Feld bis in den Melkstand

Interview

Das Projekt DigiMilch wird von der Bayerischen Landesanstalt für Landwirtschaft durchgeführt, Partner ist die Technische Universität München. DigiMilch ist dabei eines von 14 Experimentierfeldern, das vom Bundesministerium für Ernährung und Landwirtschaft gefördert wird.

Das Experimentierfeld DigiMilch hat sich das Ziel gesetzt, die existierenden digitalen Lösungen für Feld und Stall zu demonstrieren. Sie werden zudem auf ihre Eignung für den familiengeführten Praxisbetrieb überprüft. Die Einsatzerfahrungen werden erfasst, bestehende Lücken dargelegt und Hinweise für Lösungsansätze entwickelt. Dieser Prozess wird durch ein Forum von Wirtschaftspartnern und Herstellern begleitet. Damit soll die Vernetzung einzelner Systeme durch den Abbau von Inkompatibilitäten verbessert werden,  einem wichtigen Anliegen der Praxis.

Das Team aus 19 Mitarbeitern nimmt dabei die gesamte Prozesskette der Milcherzeugung unter die Lupe, angefangen mit dem Wirtschaftsdüngermanagement und sensorgestützten Ertragsermittlung über das Fütterungsmanagement bis hin zur vernetzten Stalltechnik und tierindividuellen Sensoren. In Zusammenarbeit mit Start-ups und renommierten Firmen der Agrartechnik sollen neue Produkte entwickelt und getestet werden.

Dr. Isabella Lorenzini ist bei DigiMilch als Projektmanagerin tätig.  Sie studierte an der Ludwig-Maximilian Universität München Veterinärmedizin und promovierte anschließend zum Thema „automatische Lahmheitserkennung bei Milchkühen“.

https://www.lfl.bayern.de/digimilch

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Experimental Fields of the German Ministry of Food and Agriculture

Interview

DigiMilch: Interconnection from the field to the milking parlour

This project analyzes and assesses the effectiveness of the current robotic and farm management systems at modern dairy farms to support farm owners in their management decisions.
Once shortcomings have been identified, the project tries to develop cost effective solutions to improve the technologies applied. The project looks at all elements of the dairy farm system: sensor-aided technologies for the application of manure, interconnected barn technologies, sensor-aided pasture yield estimation, optimization of feeding ratios and connection of all sensor-based systems which are analyzing the behavior and performance of the dairy cows.
The project is implemented by the Bavarian State Research Centre for Agriculture and cooperates with local dairy farmers and companies that manufacture the technologies for the digital dairy barn.

Further information in German can be found on https://www.lfl.bayern.de/digimilch

DigiSchwein: Digital solutions to improve animal welfare in pig husbandry

This project aims for the sustainable improvement of pig husbandry with special regard to animal welfare, conservation of natural resources and farm profitability through a farm management software called DigiSchwein. An early warning system to detect sick pigs, monitoring pig behavior in the barn by using cameras, and sensors to monitor the time period when pregnant sows give birth are tested in the project.

The project is implemented by the Chamber of Agriculture of the federal state Lower Saxony in cooperation with local universities and research institutions.

https://www.lwk-niedersachsen.de/index.cfm/portal/1/nav/1093/article/35309.html

AgriSens DEMMIN 4.0: Remote sensing for crop production

AgriSens aims to utilize publicly available satellite images in combination with sensors in the fields to provide farmers with precise information about soil properties, soil moisture and the health status of their crops. This enables farmers to specify the use of irrigation or fertilizers, while saving resources and reducing CO2 emissions.
This technology can also be used to detect the exact location of smaller and bigger stones in the fields, which can cause substantial damage to agricultural machinery, especially in northern Germany.
The project is implemented by a consortium of several German universities and research institutions and is coordinated by the German Research Centre for Geosciences (GFZ).

More information can be found here in German: https://www.gfz-potsdam.de/en/section/remote-sensing-and-geoinformatics/projects/agrisens-demmin-40/

Agro-Nordwest: Digitalizing agricultural production processes

Agro Nordwest aims to transfer existing research findings of digitization in agriculture into practical applications for farmers. There is a direct cooperation with farmers in the field, evaluating the use of small, automated robots and traditional tractors with regard to efficiency and economic benefits.
Through the use of drones equipped with multispectral cameras and other sensors, digital field maps are produced to enable the use of weeding robots or tractor-driven mechanical weeding devices which render spraying of herbicides pointless. The project also conducts research on data security at farm level and has elaborated training modules to educate farmers in the use of digital tools for their farm operations.
The project is implemented by the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFK) in cooperation with private farms and companies dealing with agricultural machinery.

The website can be accessed in German and English: https://www.agro-nordwest.de/en/

BeSt-SH: Interconnected farm management

Experimental field BeSt-SH focuses on farm management and how the use of interconnected digital tools can improve resource efficiency and increase farm profitability at the same time.
The researcher from the Technical University of Kiel have developed a digital model of a farm to simulate and analyze both the whole workflow and input flows to optimize daily work with the help of digital tools to achieve highest efficiency in terms of economic and ecological sustainability.
The project aims to educate farmers about the possibilities of digitization in their farms so that the often abstract idea of digitization becomes tangible and useful. How to use modern digital tools to adhere to current laws and regulations, taking the environmental conditions of the field into account and optimize the economic benefits without endangering the natural resource base.
The project is implemented by the University of Kiel together with the local chamber of agriculture and private farms.

The website is available in German: https://best-sh.de/

CattleHub: Digitization in cattle farming

The whole life cycle of cattle is in the center of this research project, starting from optimal care for the newborn calf, timely detection of young cows for insemination to feeding schemes and tracking schemes for cattle in and outside of barns.
The project analyzes existing digital technologies for cattle farmers and is aiming to harmonize, farm management systems from different companies. Ensuring interconnectivity of different systems is one of the major challenges. The optimization of work flows at farm level and an increase of animal welfare are intended as project results.
The project is implemented across four federal states; the University of Bonn coordinates the activities of the project together with its partners from research, the state chamber of agriculture and demonstration farms like Haus Düsse.

Fore more information in German visit https://cattlehub.de/

Diabek: Usage, evaluation and communication of digital technologies

The main aim of Diabek is to make farmers aware about the beneficial use of digital technologies, even for part-time or small-scale farmers. The project provides trainings to farmers to enable them to use satellite-based maps on their own PCs for the precise application of fertilizer and pesticides. This will result in less inputs, reduced leakage of nutrients into groundwater and will help to increase the image of agriculture among the general public.
To validate these assumptions, the project also carries out consumer surveys. The project is coordinated by the University of Weihenstephan (near Munich) with collaboration from private companies and farmers.

More information on Diabek can be found here in German: https://diabek.hswt.de/

DigiVine: Utilization of digital technologies in the viticulture of southwest Germany

Developing cost-effective digital solutions for small-scale vineyards, e.g. GPS-based precision planting of new vineyards, the optimization of plant protection measures or the development of a device to analyze the quality determining properties of grapes which can be used on spot within the vineyard.
The use of sensors during grape harvesting can help to separate unripe or grapes of lower quality from the good ones to increase the product quality.
The project is carried out by the Julius Kühn-Institute, Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants, Institute for Grapevine Breeding in collaboration with the University of Kaiserslautern and other public and private partners.

For more information in German visit https://digivine.org/

DIWAKOPTER: Multicopter drones in viticulture and crop production

DIWAKOPTER utilizes multicopter drones in viticulture and fruit orchards as well as in selected field crops. Drones with spectral cameras to detect diseases at individual plant level are used to enable targeted application of pesticides or leaf fertilization to minimize harmful effects of fertilizers in the environment. Use of drones in steep hillside vineyards to eliminate dangerous manual work and the use of sensors to determine the health status of the grapes to decide whether an application of pesticide is necessary or not are analyzed in this project.

The project is carried out by the Technical University of Geisenheim, one of the leading German universities for viticulture, located near Mainz, the capital of the State Rhineland Palatinate.

For more information please visit https://www.diwakopter.de/

DiWenkLa: Digital value chains for sustainable, small-scale agriculture

DiWenkLa tries to enable small-scale farmers in areas like the black forest to utilize digital solutions in crop production, orchards, vegetable production as well as for horse and cattle husbandry in semi urban areas. Horse husbandry in the vicinity of large cities has become an important income-generating activity for many farmers.
Research is carried out on topics like effective utilization of small grassland plots through digital solutions (pasture management, pasture yield estimation) as well as automatic feeding systems and semi or fully automated manure removal in cattle barns. The project develops fully automated mechanical weeding devices equipped with high-speed cameras.

The project is coordinated by the University of Hohenheim (near Stuttgart) in cooperation with state-run agricultural institutions and a local university in collaboration with a range of private farms and companies.

For more information visit https://www.diwakopter.de/

EF-Suedwest: Digital Experimental Field Southwest - interconnected digital farm data management

EF Southwest promotes farm management systems to support agriculture value chains in Rhineland Palatia, especially in rural areas where digital infrastructure is not yet well-developed.
To minimize loss of data in data clouds the projects supports farmers to establish farm-size data servers (decentralizing data in a device called Hofbox “Farm Server”). The server can be connected to sensors at farm level and public data server to support the farmer with the official documentation requirements. One subcomponent of the project is working on the sustainable utilization of animal manure.

The project is coordinated by the regional ministry for commerce and agriculture in cooperation with private companies as well as public demonstration and private farms.

Moe information in Germn can be found here: http://ef-sw.de/

EXPRESS: Digitization in plant production

EXPRESS concentrates on digital solutions for crop production in eastern Germany. The researchers are using different kind of high-end sensors to monitor plant health and responses to water stress under changing climatic conditions. Based on the developed models it is possible to provide accurate predictions about the occurrence of certain plant diseases. One subproject is researching on the traceability of agricultural products using block chain technology.

The project is coordinated by the University of Leipzig in cooperation with the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research and two private farms which specialize on fruit orchards and vineyards.

More information in German is available here: https://www.digitalisierung-landwirtschaft.de/experimentierfelder/

FarmerSpace: Digital plant protection

FarmerSpace aims to provide farmers with accurate information about the health status of their field crops through the utilization of sensors and drones equipped with multispectral cameras. The identification of the exact spots where plants are affected will enable farmers to apply pesticides in a targeted way and thereby reducing the amount of pesticides applied. The use of autonomous, small robotic devices for mechanical weeding is another element of this project.

Special emphasis is given to the sugar beet crop as the Institute of Sugar beet Research is one of the implementing partners of this project which is coordinated by the University of Göttingen.

For more information please visit https://www.farmerspace.uni-goettingen.de/

Landnetz: Cloud infrastructure for digital farming

Landnetz looks for solutions on how to connect machinery, sensors and external computer systems to enable smart farming in rural areas, especially within rural areas of eastern Germany where infrastructure is still lacking broadband access. The researchers are testing campus networks at farm sites in rural areas; these are networks which were originally used in industrial estates. Mobile datacenters in trailers are connecting all digital tools on the farm. Apart from increasing efficiency and profitability of the farm enterprises, the digital revitalization of rural areas should also make modern agriculture more attractive for young urban talents.

The project is implemented by the University of Dresden in cooperation with the Saxon State Institute for Agriculture and the Fraunhofer Research Institute for Traffic and Infrastructure and selected private farms.

For more information visit https://landnetz.eu/

Institut für Landtechnik und Tierhaltung (LfL)

Interview

Dr. Markus Gandorfer leitet am Institut für Landtechnik und Tierhaltung (Bayerische Landesanstalt für Landwirtschaft) die Arbeitsgruppe Digital Farming. Markus Gandorfer studierte Gartenbauwissenschaften, promovierte dann mit einer Arbeit zur ökonomisch-ökologischen Bewertung von Precision Farming und habilitierte sich schließlich für das Fachgebiet Agrarökonomie. Die Arbeitsschwerpunkte von Markus Gandorfer liegen in der Bewertung von Digital Farming Technologien sowie im Bereich der Akzeptanz Digitaler Technologien in der Landwirtschaft und der Gesellschaft.Markus Gandorfer leitet am Institut für Landtechnik und Tierhaltung (Bayerische Landesanstalt für Landwirtschaft) die Arbeitsgruppe Digital Farming. Markus Gandorfer studierte Gartenbauwissenschaften, promovierte dann mit einer Arbeit zur ökonomisch-ökologischen Bewertung von Precision Farming und habilitierte sich schließlich für das Fachgebiet Agrarökonomie. Die Arbeitsschwerpunkte von Markus Gandorfer liegen in der Bewertung von Digital Farming Technologien sowie im Bereich der Akzeptanz Digitaler Technologien in der Landwirtschaft und der Gesellschaft.

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MyEasyFarm - Precision farming software

Interview

MyEasyFarm ist ein französisches AgTech-Startup mit Sitz in Reims, das 2017 von Francois Thiérart gegründet wurde.
MyEasyFarm bietet eine Lösung für Landwirte und Genossenschaften, um Precision Farming auf einfache und vernetzte Weise für mehr Effizienz und Nachhaltigkeit einzusetzen.

Das Start-up ist ISOBUS-zertifiziert und tauscht Daten mit landwirtschaftlichen Maschinen aus - herstellerunabhängig - entweder mithilfe von USB-Sticks oder in einem angeschlossenen Modus, für echte variable Ratenanwendungen und automatisierte Rückverfolgbarkeit. 

Des Weiteren bietet MyEasyFarm auch eine Plattform für Akteure im Lebensmittelbereich (Landwirte, Genossenschaften, Agro-Industrie) an, um den CO2-Ausstoß und die Lagerung in der Landwirtschaft zu messen und zu reduzieren, indem die Praktiken des Erntezyklus geändert werden.

https://www.myeasyfarm.com/en/

Da diese Website stetig erweitert werden soll, wird zu diesem Interview-Video noch ein Q&A-Bereich hinzugefügt. Wenn Sie weitere, unbeantwortete Fragen an unsere InterviewpartnerInnen haben, schreiben Sie uns gerne eine Mail: dcz-info@iakleipzig.de